Freedom of Man

Most people are of the opinion that God has predestined their lives and also their  going to Hell or Heaven has been predistined by God even before creating them – they are absolutely wrong. God has not predestined any one’s going to Hell or Heaven, Allah the Omnipotent, Omnipresent, Omniscient Being could not be that unreasonable, and unjust – for Allah Himself said:

 

The Day  (of judgment) whereon they will (all) come forth: Not a single thing concerning them is hidden from Allah.  Whose will be the dominion that Day? That of Allah the One the Irresistible!

That Day will every soul be requited for what it earned; no injustice will there be that Day for Allah is Swift in taking account.
Quran-40:16,17

 

These are the Signs of Allah: We rehearse them to thee in truth: and Allah means no injustice to any of His creatures.

Quran-3:108

 

Allah says He would not be in the least unjust to any of His creations, there is no necessity for Him to be unjust, it is one who is prejudiced, biased, jealous, or half witted, or not properly knowledged – who due to his ignorance does injustice or behaves in an unjust manner – God Almighty who is fully aware and fully knowledged about everything and anything just has not the necessity to be unjust.

 

God even says: “I have made injustice Haraam on Myself” meaning he has prohibited injustice for Himself, 

 

 Prophet said:"When Allah completed the creation, He wrote in a Book on His Throne, "My Mercy overpowers My Anger."
Bukhari 4.416 Abu Huraira

 

Such a Merciful Being could He or would He be unjust to His creations – The answer is NEVER. Most people misunderstand the term that God is all powerful, all knowing; God even before He created the world and everything in it records them in a total register called “Lovehul magfhool” in which He has registered everything – believe it or not, if man can create hard disks and super computers to record all things will it be a problem for God Almighty to create such a register in which everything He is going to create and what all we will do, are all in this register, even before He started creation, for example: even before He created the earth He wrote in it – A Prophet by the name of Muhammed(s.a.w) would come and he would have enemies and followers and they would ask him questions and the answers to these question will be the verses of the Quran – to be taken and given to Muhammed as and when required by the angel Gabriel(a.s) similarly everything was recorded in this register.

 

God is so thorough in His knowledge that He is totally aware of all things that was, is, and will be happening  - nothing is hidden from Him:

 

With Him are the keys of the Unseen the treasures that none knoweth but He.  He knoweth whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf doth fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered) but is (inscribed) in a Record Clear (to those who can read)
Quran-6:59

 

Everything God created along with their functions, good and bad, have been written in this register of His, nothing is left out, but this should not give us the idea that everything is predestined – it just shows the complete thorough & infinite knowledge of God Almighty who is All-knowing; and to man  God hath given him total freedom, to do as he pleases, and has also shown man the virtuous way and the sinful way, the way of God, and the way of satan, and has given him total freedom to choose whichever way he wants, God will not in the least restrain man from doing good or bad, this is man’s free will and complete freedom to do as he likes, but God Almighty knows before hand as to what exactly man would do because He is ALL-KNOWING –  God on the other hand keeps sending Prophets with Revelations to guide man to Paradise and also to safeguard him from Hell, this is a Mercy from God Almighty, to those who choose the right path and Paradise, and we should understand that it was that individual’s freedom to choose between the right and wrong and God Almighty never obstructed him or refrained him from choosing the good, and also they were warned about Satan from the beginning  and here also God Almighty did not refrain him or obstruct him from doing wrong or following Satan – though the greatest, & the deadliest of all sins is worshipping the creations of God Almighty, God does not in the least impede anyone from committing such a sin and it is the main aim of Satan to take men away from God; He just leaves them to do as they please and lets them worship anything or anyone they please without hindering them in the least. – It is MAN’s total freedom to choose what he wants with his complete free will; God Almighty, knower of all things, knows pretty well as to what man will choose and what he will do;    

 

To Allah belong the East and the West; whithersoever ye turn there is the presence of Allah.  For Allah is All-Pervading All-Knowing.

Quran-2:115

 

God wants man to choose good, God’s ways and refrain from bad, Satan’s ways thru his own free will, and for this He has given man total freedom, and He will not usurp it till his fixed time on this earth is over. Man’s time on this earth his birth and death have been predestined, whether he would be king or beggar is predestined. Man’s sustenance is predestined to such an extent that even the number of breath he would inhale to his last breath has been predestined, every morsel of food and drink, the clothes he wears and the house he stays are all predestined, it is only the way that he attains all these – whether thru legal or illegal means is totally in the hands of man – if he is destined to be a king he would be a king, but did he choose the good & legal way or the evil & illegal way to become the king is totally  man’s own freedom. Similarly, with all that is given for his sustenance did he take it in the legal or illegal way, and the choice between Hell and Heaven is man’s total freedom; to choose between God and Satan is man’s complete freedom; to help him and guide him God has sent the Prophets with revelations as a Mercy and Guidance for him; accepting or rejecting them is also man’s total freedom, God will not force him into accepting or rejecting anything, BUT, since God is fully knowledged about His creations, He knows fully well what we would do – whether we would choose the right way or the wrong way.  – Here one should understand that there is a vast difference between predestined and knowing; in an issue which is predestined we cannot change anything and in an issue where you know, you are knowledged about the issue but you do not obstruct or hamper its progress or regress – God knows how each one of us would attain our predestined sustenances and positions and He would never hamper them; and as far as man’s freedom is concerned it stays unhampered for all the time he is on this earth;  and this alone determines his victory or failure in life. God only knows too well whether we would be victorious or a failure in this earth, but by giving us this life He wants us to know for sure as to what we strived for with our lives.

 

May God guide us and help us to use our freedom to enhance our righteousness and gain victory and success in this world and the hereafter (Ameen).

Wishing You All THE VERY BEST
A.H.Nazeer Ahmed